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A Newbies guide to Linux Console

Newbies guide to Linux Console

Over the years there has been tremendous growth in Desktop Linux , and Linux distributions these days are getting more and more user friendly with all kind of fancy graphical interface . Still the power of Linux or any other UNIX distribution lies in it console and shell commands . Now even though shell is often considered difficult by Linux newbies still it's possible to learn few basic commands , and in this article I try to explain basic commonly used console commands .


The general format of Linux command line :

$ command -options target

Where target is target filename or expression

Some Commonly used Linux commands : -


Showing Currently working directory

The command prints the current working directory , for example

$ pwd
/home/ambuj

It shows /home/ambuj because /home/ambuj is the currently working directory .


Listing files in the directory : -

ls -a :- Displays all the files in the directory , by default ls does not show hidden files( hidden files st…

Adobe Flash Player 9 Update 3 - New Version of Flash Player on Linux

Adobe Flash Player 9 Update 3 - New Version of Flash Player on Linux

A Few weeks back Adobe released the new version of their popular Flash Player( Adobe Flash Player 9 Update 3, version identifier 9,0,115,0) on the Linux platform . Now , the new version of the Flash Player though is available only for the 32bit Linux platform but still atleast adobe is making Linux version available at the same time with the Windows and Mac counterpart which is welcome change from the old days. New Version of Adobe Flash Player has some really interesting additions .

First of all new version of Flash Player supports H.264 which is one of the HD(High Definition ) Codec used for Internet Multimedia broadcasts . H.264 is used in QuickTime Movie files , HDTV in mp4 format and a number of less popular formats like the M4V, M4A, Mp4v, 3gp, and 3g2. So well the new version of Adobe Flash Player should be ready for the streaming HDTV content .

Secondly , Flash now supports the AAC(Advanced Audio Coding) a…

Making your Ubuntu 7.10 Desktop look like MAC OS X Leopard

Making your Ubuntu 7.10 Desktop look like MAC OS X Leopard

READ THE UPDATED VERSION OF THIS ARTICLE FOR UBUNTU 8.04 HERE


MAC OS has been traditionally known for their impressive graphical interface and stability . Now even though i have been an avid Linux follower over the past 9 years I have been using Linux , still i find my self attracted to MAC OS .
Now even though these days it's possible to run Hackintosh on normal Intel hardware , but still it's not stable and well there are hardware compatibility issues . So well other alternative to using MAC OS is either to purchase MAC hardware(which would be naturally expensive) and run full fledged MAC OS or you could tweak and customize your Ubuntu desktop to look more like MAC OS X .

In this tutorial i describe step by step how to make your ubuntu desktop look more like MAC OS X Leopard :) .


Step 1 :- Downloading LeopardX Icon Theme

First you need to download LeopardX theme (hosted on gnome-looks.org) from the following website :…

Running Windows inside your Ubuntu 7.10 installation

Running Windows inside your Ubuntu 7.10 installation


For people making jump from Windows to Linux the biggest problem is adjusting to new environment and applications , now even though these days really good open source alternatives to applications on Windows platform are available but still many people prefer using Windows applications .

Now ,If you want to run Windows application on your Ubuntu installation there are two options available
You can use a virtualization software(like Qemu , Virualbox , VMware , bochs etc) which allows you to run full fledged installation of Microsoft Windows inside your Ubuntu desktop
Or you might use a application layer called wine to run Windows application natively on Linux . While most of the people would prefer wine to run their windows application because it does not require one to have a licensed copy of windows , however application support in wine is still patchy with some applications working flawlessly and some application not working at a…

Getting Sound to work on your Ubuntu 7.10 installation on Lenovo Y410 Series laptop

Getting Sound to work on your Ubuntu 7.10 installation on Lenovo Y410 Series laptop


Important : If you are using Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron you don't need to download/compile alsa , in that case following this step only should work :

add the following line at the bottom of file (/etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base) maybe using gedit (sudo gedit /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base )

options snd-hda-intel index=0 model=fujitsu




Recently i managed to replace my old IBM Thinkpad Laptop with Lenovo Y410 series laptop , now i never had any kind of hardware related problem on my old Thinkpad . But sadly after installing Ubuntu 7.10 , Fedora Core 8 on my Lenovo laptop i was terribbly disappointed to find my audio hardware not working . So well my search began searching all kind of forums for my problem and finally i found following the steps below made my audio hardware work : -



1. Enabling Repositories
Now many applications need additional repositories to be installed or some to be enabled in Synaptic package …

Creating Your ultimate Ubuntu 7.10 Desktop

Creating Your ultimate Ubuntu 7.10 Desktop

Ubuntu 7.10 Codenamed Gusty Gibbon was released few weeks back with much fanfare ,now Ubuntu for past couple of years has been one of the most popular Desktop Linux distributions . Ubuntu 7.10 includes a number of features , applets and Wizards to simplify desktop Linux experience however because of many licensing restrictions it does not include out of the box support for popular audio/video codecs and many commercial but good applications . Also because of the limitation of trying to accommodate all kind of applications on single CD Ubuntu comes with a limited set of applications .

Now , i often have arguments with my friends who are new to computers that windows is better , mac is better and blah blah blah and they often use this argument that it's difficult for newbies to install applications , codecs etc on Linux as a way to justify their arguments . So well i decided being such a Linux fanatic i have to do something about it …

Ubuntu 7.10 Desktop Linux on Steroids

Ubuntu 7.10 was released a few days back and being an avid and passionate user of Ubuntu Linux i downloaded the distribution on my slow college internet connection , It took me over 30 hours to download the distribution [:(] So i was really looking forward to the new Ubuntu 7.10 and here is the review of the Linux distribution :-

Ubuntu is one of the better known Linux distribution , that is making mark on the desktop front from the deal with Dell to topping distrowatch there have been ominous sign that Ubuntu could actually challenge likes of Mac OS and Windows on the desktop . Ubuntu 7.10 is one step forward in this direction . It is probably one of the most polished Linux distribution that is very well supported by community on the internet . Ubuntu 7.10 builds on previous releases and adds new features , functionality, features ,customization that truly make it a interesting desktop Linux distribution to try.

Installation : -

I have been using a really old laptop (Cel 1.4G…